The scientific body of Ayurvedic knowledge utilizes a wide range of specific terminologies to convey specialized concepts and their meanings throughout the science. This has slowed the spread of classical, authentic knowledge in many areas in the west because it has created a barrier to understanding the true science and being able to communicate it effectively. AyurvedaFirst recognizes the need to overcome these obstacles in order for the science to truly flourish.
This lexicon of common terms and meanings with their nearest English equivalents is one of our first steps towards this goal. The terms presented here are some of the most basic, common and fundamental technical terms used in professional Ayurvedic education and practice. These help form the language that professionals use to collaborate in the AyurvedaFirst model of sustainable healthcare to provide the highest levels of quality, service and care to individuals.
Here, all terms are listed in English-alphabetical order and include their Roman-character form (using IAST transliteration), their original Devanagari script, and the nearest English equivalent meaning as a short description. Please note that most of these terms have very detailed and elaborate definitions from the classical texts with interpretations that can vary based on context. Those extensive details have not been included here to keep the list short and easily readable.
Note: Read this (coming soon) for an explanation of transliteration and pronunciation rules.
|Term (transliterated)||Term (Devanagari)||Nearest English equivalent, or meaning|
|agni||अग्नि||Literally, fire; the transformative processes responsible for conversion of consumed matter into the physical body; one of thirteen types, of which jāṭhara-agni is the main.|
|āyurveda||आयुर्वेद||A scientific body of knowledge that describes all factors that influence a healthy and happy, or unhealthy and unenjoyable life, while promoting longevity in quantity and quality of life.|
|bhūta||भूत||An element, generally one of the five gross elements; all elements contribute to forming the basis of matter in various combinations and proportions.|
|bṛhat||भृहत्||Large, big, primary, major|
|caya||चय||A slight increase, an early stage of increasing, generally in context of the doṣas.|
|cetana||चेतन||Capable of recognizing feelings or pain, being sentient, having consciousness or awareness; one of the main classifications of life.|
|dhātu||धातु||That which provides support and nourishes other parts of the body; may include any of the three doṣas or seven dhātus.|
|doṣa||दोष||That which has the tendency to become corrupted or vitiated, a natural fault, or that which go wrong or bad.|